How to Play a Beautiful Solo for Rumba (or Flamenco Palo) in A minor! | Flamenco Guitar Tutorial
Rumba Flamenca (How to Play Basic Strumming Patterns, Groove, Chords) 4 main ingredients to playing a simple, solid rumba flamenca rhythm on guitar: 1. The basic Strum – the movement should look like turning a door knob (twist your hand with your wrist as the axis). Rumba is perhaps the most simple flamenco style, or palo flamenco, since it always bases on quite an “easy to learn” basic flamenco chords. It’s most often performed by 2 or more guitars, since the rhythm complexity of the right-hand doesn’t allow for more elaborated solo guitar arrangements.
Kai Narezo. I've always thought of the rumba, one of the many palos or styles of flamenco, as a sort of gateway to flamenco music. It's often the first kind of flamenco people hear that pulls them into what turns out to be an amazing musical world that goes way beyond this accessible form.
The rumba is basically the pop version of flamenco. The rumba is one how to play rumba flamenca what are called the Cantes de ida y vueltamusical forms brought from the new world to Spain, which were adopted and adapted by flamencos. Flamenco is folk music at heart. Like other genres—such as the blues—flamenco has been elevated in sophistication and virtuosity by its more talented exponents.
But it is simultaneously a form that is sung, played, and danced at parties and in homes throughout Spain without the need of virtuosity or musical education. The rumba falls into plag category of cante chicoor light song, and unlike the majority of the flamenco palos, it has very loose parameters. Perhaps the most common distinguishing feature is a slightly pronounced accent on the and of beat 2, and weaker accent on the plat, though it is also common to hear strong beats 1 and 3.
Popularized outside of Spain by the Gypsy Kings and Rodrigo y Gabriela, the right-hand patterns in example 1 involve a muting slap across the strings that strikes the body of the guitar, usually on beat 1 or on beats 1 and 3, along with an accent on the and of 2 and occasionally on the and of 4. Example 2 is a variation of example 1 without the slap.
Example 3 is a common arpeggio pattern that can be used for rumba, but it's more a point of departure than a standard pattern. Example 4 combines an arpeggio pattern and contemporary rumba pattern without the slap. A misconception about flamenco stemming from the rumba, is the idea rumva flamenco is about a couple of guitarists jamming over a chord progression.
They have borrowed much of the sound of flamenco and much less of the substance. The Phrygian scale is characteristic in flamenco, but the flamenco Phrygian scale differs slightly from the traditional Phrygian mode. Example 2a shows the Flamenco Phrygian scale.
In flamenco music, it's common to hear the chord progressions beginning not on the I chord Abut on the IV D minor. The I chord comes at the end of the progression. Many non-flamenco musicians would think of the tonal center as D minor, which I'm calling the IV chord. But tlamenca is justification for considering A as the I chord because the music always resolves to A. Note that we arrive at an A-major chord at the end of this progression rather than an A-minor chord, which we would derive from the strictly modal A Phyrigian scale.
The flamenco Phryigian scale gives us both the flatted third and the natural third as options. The bII chord Bb can be played as a triad, dominant seventh, or even a major 7th chord. The bIII chord Cis typically played as a triad or a dominant seventh chord. Again, you don't necessarily want to derive scales too specifically from these chords. The IV chord d minor makes more sense to the Berklee-trained ear, and the Cor major third of what boots does ashley cole wear A bow, gives us the what part of the brain does alzheimer disease affect of using D harmonic minor as a chord scale.
The bII Bb has the 11 and, more often than not, the seventh degree will be flatted, but in flamenco music, you wouldn't typically use a Plah flat-7 scale here. It's common to insert secondary dominants along with basic chord-type substitutions for the bII chord. See example 2. Although the current generation of flamenco players is decidedly more musically literate than how to play rumba flamenca predecessors, an old habit that remains is that of referring to various keys by names other than their actual key pay.
That's because capos are ubiquitous in flamenco for the purpose of changing keys for the singer and because of how the guitar sounds when capoed. Regardless of how the placement of the capo changes the actual key, chord progressions that resolve to an E chord form are called Por Arriba see example 1 and those that resolve flamecna an A form are Por Medio see what are web forms used for 2.
The main difference between the various flamenco keys lies in the voicings that result from the open strings. Other common flamenco keys are FB, and Eb. Additionally, flamenco guitarists may employ some alternate tunings. As with Brazilian styles, it's relatively easy to borrow the sound of flamenco without knowing too much about the specific styles. Approaching rumba by playing a Phrygian scale with its added natural third over a progression of A- G, F, E how to make muffins from a cake mix b9and learning how this rhythm swings is a great starting point.
There's a rich and complex world of rhythms and harmonies that is inaccessible without a commitment to listening to and learning the huge variety of flamenco styles, the history, and the cante singingwhich is the foundation of flamenco and the true inspiration for most flamenco guitarists.
Guitarists will be amazed at the accompaniment on any recordings by these singers. They give a taste of what flamenco is really all about. Visit kainarezo. Example 1. Example 2. Example 2a. Example 3. Example 4. Don't see what you're looking for? Main Site Berklee. June 1, By Kai Narezo ' This article appeared in our alumni magazine, Berklee Today Summer Learn more about Berklee Today. Related Ho.
Question, Comments, Ideas?
Learn Rumba Flamenca: Basic Right Hand Moves. Learn to play hundreds of popular guitar songs in all styles. From beginner to advanced. Including Rock, Blues, Funk, Country, Metal, Jazz, Classical and more! View All Songs Get Started Today. Interactive Tabs. Flamenco players often play between the sound hole and the bridge to produce a more unique and raspy tone. When playing in flamenco style your fingers will often lightly strike the frets giving it that percussive sound. Capos are often used in this style to aid in key changes and produce a higher pitch. Apr 23, · I like to play use this falseta at the beginning of a rumba in A minor, but practically speaking, you can use this falseta for any palo (song form) in the flamenco repertoire, just so long as it’s in the key of A minor.
The basic Strum — the movement should look like turning a door knob twist your hand with your wrist as the axis. Play all downbeats 1, 2, 4 with a downstrum, and all upbeats with an upstrum. Ghost note or skip 3. I am still very much a student of flamenco. If you want first-hand knowledge of flamenco, you should find a good teacher, plus listen to all the great flamenco guitar masters.
Also, you should be careful with your hands. Playing flamenco is a lot of work and you should warm up slowly , stretch, take breaks, practice slowly and be patient. Please also check out how to play Rasgueados as well.
This is very slow, but if you want to learn it, it is highly suggested that you practice in this manner at first. It is important to focus on correct technique with good time at first. When you are starting out learning flamenco, you it helps to get a teacher or be born in a family that knows flamenco. If these exercises are too difficult or your hands bother you, either do them slower, more gently and more relaxed. Try to simplify the rumba exercises so you can work on one part at a time.
Or work on the framework of the exercise and fill in the details later. But I wanted to show you this so you could see how rhythmic a guitar strum could be without moving the arm hardly at all. You could do a warm up by practicing basic rumba-style strumming. In other words just basic up and down strumming. I also included a link below to a more comprehensive warmup that includes other Flamenco techniques like rasgueados and azupuas.
Though just a heads up, it does incorporate some more complicated right-hand flamenco techniques… I am planning to make a video soon to demo this. But this video lesson is a very clear and great place to start learning how to play a basic rumba flamenca rhythm on guitar.
On the up strum, strum the strings with the front of your thumb. Make sure you use a metronome , stay relaxed and play slowly until have the technique. Number One. For this portion of the strum, just focus on the beats 1 and 2. Strum down hitting the strings with your fingers and up hitting the strings with your thumb.
Number Two. Just focus on the slap. Try to place the slap on the right spot on your guitar so it sounds good. Also, with a metronome, like all of these! Number Three. Number Four. Number Five. Number Six. Number Seven. Like 6, but adding the slap to increase the groove. Remember that metronome! Number Eight. Like 7, but now play the downstrum on beat 2. After this exercise, you should be ready to play the whole strumming pattern!
He teaches basically the same rumba pattern, but also shares a few more as well. This set of progressive exercises starts with a small part of the whole strum — and works its way up. For the down strum use with all 4 fingers all together not counting the thumb as a finger — or strum with 3 fingers together — pinky, ring and index.
For the down stroke , I suggest using your middle finger m , ring finger a and pinky finger c. Reminder — middle, ring and pinky fingers are sometimes notated as m , a , and c. The video below actually shows how to play this rumba strum in a slightly different way, so please check it out! Once you get a feel for some of the different patterns and also learn some of the other techniques like the abanico , you can mix and match to create fills and different vibes for different sections of the music.
He starts out playing the more traditional Southern Spain style of rumba which starts with the thumb playing the bass note of the chord. But at about at the 1st minute he explains this Gipsy Kings-style! Basically, you stomp your foot on the 1 and clap on 2, 3, and 4. Skipping the 1 helps gives it the feeling of a back beat. This is what the other musicians do while someone is playing guitar. Understanding this basic rhythmic feel will help you as you start to play rumba flamenca!
He probably knows more about this than me. But, please check it out! This is like the 3-side of the clave. This is called the tresillo. Check out the Improve Your Rumba Flamenca Groove section below to practice these concepts — tresillo, clave, and tumbao.
To learn more, please check out the following two lessons about salsa. In Flamenco , the cantes de ida y vulta are the forms that Flamenco musicians incorporated into their music after their travels to other parts of the world. Many flamenco musicians traveled to place like Cuba , so there are flamenco rhythms palos inspired by Caribbean styles of music, like the Rumba and the Guajira.
Because salsa is already part of flamenco. For these exercises, do all the strumming like you would normally — a la the doorknob turning technique for strumming. Just focus on the muted-string strumming — you can do the exercises as single line with muted string, but for working on rumba flamenca , the muted-string strum will help a lot.
A lot of chords also sound good with open strings — and some chords with open strings are part of the flamenco sound on guitar. Take the classic 6th string major bar chord played as an F major chord on the first fret. First you have the typical progression that many people associate with flamenco. These are some possible chords that you can use on the 5th string or the 6th string. Remember use a capo if you want to play in another key! These 2 videos show a different approach to learning rumbas, as well as some great ways to practice.
This is a beautiful concert! Not really any rumbas , but an amazing concert for lovers of flamenco and flamenco guitar. Another version of this song. A very beautiful, instrumental rumba. This is classic Gipsy Kings! The chords are A , F minor , B minor , E7. Very beautiful. Besides wonderful to listen to, this would be a great song for someone who has a solid rumba pattern and wants to practice along to a song that is a bit faster. Your email address will not be published.
Major Pentatonics. Introduction — Learning to Play Guitar! Spanish chords — Lesson 2. Basic folk guitar — Lesson 3.
Playing Hypnotic Chords — Lesson 4. Blues in A — Lesson 5. Blues in G — Lesson 6. Harmonic minor scale — Lesson 9. How to Play Power chords — Lesson Swing, Bop, Ragtime, 2nd Line. Chord ideas for Autumn Leaves. So What, Lesson 1.